Xiangjiazhong Road Kaifu Temple
Kaifu Temple (simplified Chinese: 开福寺; traditional Chinese: 開福寺; pinyin: Kāifú Sì) is a Buddhist temple located in Kaifu District of Changsha City, Hunan province in the People’s Republic of China. It includes Entrance, Hall of the Great Heroes, Assisted dnyana, Dining Room, etc. Kaifu Temple belongs to the Yangqi and Rinzai schools of buddhism. The temple is built within a 16,000 square metres (170,000 sq ft) area of land.
In the late Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Ma Yin built a nation named “Chu”. In 927, Ma Yin’s son Ma Xifan (马希范) gave Huichun Park (会春园) to monk Baoning (保宁禅师), Bao Ning built Kaifu Temple.
In the early Song Dynasty, eminent monk Hongyun (洪蕴) lived here. He was good at medical skills. Emperor Taizu granted him a robe. Emperor Taizong asked him for some medical prescriptions. Emperor Zhenzong granted him an official position.
In the period of the Emperor Shenzong, monk Zike (紫珂禅师) rebuilt Kaifu Temple.
In the period of the Emperor Huizong, the Japanese monk Juexin (法灯觉心) came to Kaifu Temple to learn Buddhadharma.
In the late Song Dynasty, Kaifu Temple had sixteen scenic spots.
In the Southern Song Dynasty, the scholar Zhang Shi wrote an article talked about Kaifu Temple.
In Yuan Dynasty, Kaifu Temple was destroyed by Mongolian Army.
In the period of the Hongwu Emperor, monk Chedang (彻当禅师) rebuilt Kaifu Temple.
In the period of the Jiajing Emperor, monk rebuilt Kaifu Temple.
In the late Ming Dynasty, Kaifu Temple was destroyed the Qing Dynasty Army.
In the period of the Shunzhi Emperor, monk Foguo (佛国禅师) rebuilt Kaifu Temple.
During the reign of Kangxi Emperor, Bo Shilong (卜世龙), Zhou Zhaonan (周召南), Lang Yongqing (郎永青) and Li Rongzong (李荣宗) rebuilt Kaifu Temple.
During the reign of Qianlong Emperor, Liang Guozhi (梁国治) rebuilt Kaifu Temple.
In 1886, in the twelfth year of the age of Guangxu of Guangxu Emperor, monks Jichan (寄禅禅师), Liyun (笠云禅师) and poet Wang Kaiyun (王闿运) organized a literary organization. Liyun built a buddhist college.
Republic of China
During the Chinese Civil War, Kaifu Temple was destroyed by the war.
People’s Republic of China
In the early People’s Republic of China, monk Mingzhen (明真禅师) rebuilt Kaifu Temple, but in the Cultural Revolution, many of cultural relics were stolen.
In 1965, Kaifu Temple was listed as a provincial culture and relics site.
In 1983, Kaifu Temple was listed as one of China’s most important temples in the buddhism of Han areas.
In 1994, the abbot Nengjing (能净主持) built the Monks Dorm, the Free Life Pond, Bell Tower, Drum Tower, rebuilt the Grand Buddha Hall, Meditation Hall, Praying Hall, Monastic Dining Hall, Monastic Reception and the Depositary of Buddhist Texts.
In 2004, Kaifu Temple extended new buildings.
In 2011, the People’s Government of Kaifu District extended Kaifu Temple, recovered the sixteen scenic spots.
Ancient Kaifu Temple （South Gate）